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Elbows are used to change the direction of the pipeline. Different sizes can be offered accordingly to customers' needs. Good package for sea-worthy delivery.
Product name: elbow; steel elbow; 90 degree elbow, 45 degree elbow,180 degree elbow, steel tubing elbows, steel pipe elbows; 
Materials:  A234-WPB, A420-WPL6, A234-WPHY52, A234-WP12, A234-WP11, A234-WP5, A403-WP304, A403-WP304L, A403-WP316, A403-WP316L
Standard: ASME B16.9, B16.11, DIN 2605, JIS 2311, JIS 2312, Mss sp-75 etc.
Product Details

Pipe elbows are used to be installed between two lengths of pipe or tube allowing a change of direction,usually these elbows distinguished by connection ends.

  • ASTM A234/ASME SA234M Standard Specification

  • ASME B16.28, Buttwelding Short Radius

  • ASME B16.9 Steel Buttwelding Fittings

  • Pipe Fitting Standards, Code

  • ELBOWS: Mandrel method (Hot Forming)

  • ASTM A420 WPL6 Elbow and inspection

  • Welding Bevel acc.to ASME / ANSI B16.9, ASME B16.28

Steel elbow type

Carbon steel elbow, Stainless steel elbow, SS304 elbow, WPB elbow, LR steel elbow, 2D elbow

Steel elbow specification:

Size: 1/2”-48” Thickness: sch5-sch160

Surface: oiling, spraying black paint ( or varnish), galvanized, 3PE, FBE epoxy anti-corrosion coating etc.

Steel elbow Classification:

Elbows are pipe fittings that change the direction of the pipeline. According to the angle, there are three most commonly used elbows: 45 degree elbow, 90 degree elbow, 180 degree elbow, and other abnormal angle elbows such as 60° are also included according to engineering needs.

The size of the 90 degree elbow is generally calculated according to the diameter of the pipe, and the bending radius is often 1.5 times the diameter. Depending on the model, the size of the 90 degree elbow is different, and the length and radius are also different. The larger the nominal diameter of the 90 degree elbow, the larger its size.

How to purchase pipe elbows?

Detecting the back arc of the elbow: Seamless elbow detection of the thickness of the back arc is an important task. Many large pipe elbow manufacturers or strict engineering inspection of the back arc is a must. It is related to the safety and stability of the pipeline operation.

Everyone knows that both the pipeline and the seamless elbow are under pressure, that is, the pressure is very large when running. Under normal circumstances, the safety factor of the thickness of the seamless elbow designed and installed is about six times. For example, the 219*8 seamless elbow, the pipeline medium is ordinary water, the temperature is usually not higher than one hundred degrees Celsius, and the pressure required to blast such a seamless elbow is about 300 kg, that is, The pressure inside the pipeline needs to reach PN30, and the seamless elbow will be blasted, and the operating pressure of this elbow is probably about it. It is estimated that the maximum will not exceed PN6.4, which is generally around PN4.0, of course. With the corrosion of the pipeline, the seamless elbow will also be corroded to varying degrees. In order to ensure its safe operation, the necessity of overhaul is great.

The current process of making seamless elbows will lead to the phenomenon of back arc thinning. Under normal circumstances, the wall thickness of the mouth will be about two millimeters thinner than the back arc. The common thickness and pressure will not be thin even if the back arc is thinned. There are too many safety hazards, because the elbow has not been replaced until the elbow has a dangerous accident. But as a rigorous project, what is not the same, and the medium inside the pipeline is also responsible, not just water. There may be oil or other impurities, the temperature is high and the pressure is high, and the thickness of the back arc as the weak place determines the life of the seamless elbow. Therefore, the importance of detecting the back arc is naturally great. With a thickness gauge, read the thickness of a point at the elbow directly.

Detect the inner and outer diameters of the elbow: For example, the outer diameter dimension D of the elbow is detected: the data of the upper limit and the lower limit are referenced, and the actually measured outer diameter of the product is qualified between the upper and lower limits, and the unqualified product is outside the upper or lower limit range.

Detect the wall thickness of the elbow: use the thickness gauge to directly read the thickness of the thinnest part of the elbow.

Detect the center height of the elbow: first measure the length of the outer circle of the elbow. Using this length value /1.57, the value obtained by subtracting half of the diameter of the elbow is the center height of the elbow.

Detecting the weight of the elbow: The elbow is made of steel pipe. We only know the weight of the elbow when the elbow is cut, and the size of the elbow and the back arc of the elbow. The dimensions are basically the same. Let’s calculate the length of the back arc of the elbow: the diameter of the elbow is D, the radius of curvature is 1.5D, and the length of the back arc of the elbow is (1.5+0.5)*D*2*3.14/4 Simplification we can get, 1.5 times elbow back arc length L = D * 3.14. This is only an estimate. The value of the Chinese standard is slightly smaller than this value. After the length of the back arc is L, the weight of the steel pipe is calculated by the calculation formula of the steel pipe: (Da)*a*0.02466*L/1000, ( a is the wall thickness of the elbow), the unit of this weight is KG, so we can get the weight of the carbon steel elbow. If it is a stainless steel elbow, just replace 0.02466 with 0.02491. The calculated theoretical weight is then compared to the actual weight.

Radiographic inspection of elbows: Radiographic inspection detects volumetric defects of elbows, such as pores, slag inclusions, shrinkage cavities, and looseness.

Wall Thickness of Elbows

The weakest point on an elbow is the inside radius. ASME B16.9 only standardizes the center to face dimensions and some "squareness" dimensional tolerances. The wall thickness at the weld line location even is standardized, but not through the rest of an elbow. The standard states that the minimum tolerance will be within 12.5% of the minimum ordered wall thickness of the pipe. A maximum tolerance is specified only at the ends of the fitting.

Many providers of buttweld elbows (and tees) provide one schedule greater thickness so that sufficient wall thickness, after forming, remains.

Steel Pipe Elbow Coating

Along with build quality, the longevity and reliability of steel pipe elbows are highly dependent on the type and quality of the coating used. However, applying coatings to pipe elbows is not just about preventing corrosion, but can affect the evenness of flow through the pipe and the need to prevent contamination of pipe contents ((e.g. foodstuffs or drinking water). We offer corrosion resistance coating service for steel pipe elbow, our coating service includes light oiling, black painting, FBE coating, 2 layers or 3 layers PE coating, hot-dip galvanizing.

elbow fitting pipe stainless steel elbow pipe stainless steel elbow pipe supplier

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